AN ACT to incorporate the Mobile marine railway and insurance company.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama in General Assembly convened, That there shall be established in the city of Mobile, a company, for the purpose of erecting a marine iron railway, for the hauling up and repairing of vessels, steam boats, and other water craft, and for transacting the business of marine, inland, and general insurance; which company shall be called and known by the name, style, and title of "The Mobile Marine Railway and Insurance Company;" and all such persons as shall be stockholders of the said company, and their successors, shall and may have continual succession, and shall be capable in law of suing and being sued, pleading and being impleaded, answering and being answered unto, defending and being defended, in all courts and places whatsoever, in all manner of action, suits, complaints, matters and causes whatsoever; and they and their successors may have a common seal, and may change and alter the same at their pleasure; and also, they and their successors, by the name, style, and title "Mobile Marine Railway and Insurance Company," shall be in law capable of purchasing, holding and conveying all kinds of estate, whether real or personal, for

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the use of said corporation, subject to the restriction hereinafter mentioned: that the capital stock of the said corporation shall not exceed the sum of five hundred thousand dollars, divided into five thousand shares, of one hundred dollars each, one fifth, or twenty per cent thereof, to be paid in at the time of subscribing, and the remaining four-fifths, or eighty per cent, by such instalments as the directors shall appoint: Provided, however, That the first board of directors, to be chosen as hereinafter directed, shall within one month after their appointment take good and satisfactory security, to consist either in bank or other stock, at two thirds of the par value thereof in the market, or deeds of trust on real estate within this state, of at least fifty per cent above the value for which the same shall be hypothecated, exclusive of buildings, unless the same be insured, for the payment of the said remaining four-fifths, or eighty per cent, whenever it shall be deemed expedient to call for the same.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be lawful for the President and Directors of said company, or a majority of them, to alter and change the securities to be taken as aforesaid, from time to time, for other securities of the same nature, as they may deem expedient.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That subscriptions shall be opened for the said shares on the fifteenth day of January, 1827, under the superintendence of Thomas L. Hallett, Daniel Stow, Philip McLosky, Guerdon Robinson, Wm. Raser, Moses Sewald, Wm. Jones, Jun. J. W. Townsend, Barret Ames, J. F. Ross, Henry A. Ellis, J. Grovesnor, and Henry F. Perkins, or any four of them, which said subscriptions shall continue open until the whole of the said entitle the holder to vote, unless the same shall have been held bona fide by him or her at least sixty days next immediately preceding such election.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That for the well ordering of the affairs and concerns of the said corporations, there shall be chosen thirteen directors, who shall hold their office for one year, and until new directors shall be chosen, which directors, at the time of their election, and during their continuance in office, shall be holders, in their own right, of at least ten shares, and shall be elected annually after the first election, at the office of the said company, or at any other convenient place in the city of Mobile, and at such time of the day as the President shall appoint, of which election notice shall be given in at least one of the newspapers printed in the city of Mobile, and continued for seven days immediately preceding such election; and the election shall be by ballot, and determined by a plurality of votes of the stockholders present, and each stockholder shall be entitled, for every share, to one vote: But if it should happen that an election of directors should not be made on any day, when, pursuant to this act, it ought to have been made,


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the said corporation shall not for that cause be deemed to be dissolved, but it shall be lawful on any other day: Provided, the same be done within thirty days thereafter.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the directors of said company, in the first instance, shall be chosen in the manner following, that is to say: as soon as one hundred thousand dollars are subscribed, the said Thomas L. Hallett, Daniel Stow, Philip McLosky, Guerdon Robinson, Wm. Raser, Moses Sewald, Wm. Jones, Jun. J. W. Townsend, Barret Ames, J. F. Ross, Henry A. Ellis, J. Grovesnor, and Henry A. Perkins, beforenamed, shall appoint a place within the said city, for proceeding to the election of said thirteen directors, and shall give seven days notice of the same in a newspaper printed in the city of Mobile; and it shall be lawful for such election to be then and there holden by the subscribing stockholders, by ballot, under the direction of the before mentioned persons, or a majority of them; and the persons then and there chosen shall be the first directors, and shall be capable of serving by virtue of such choice for one year from said date, and until another boar shall be chosen; that the directors shall meet as soon as may be after every election, and shall choose out of their own body a President, who shall serve until the next election; and that in case of vacancy, by death or resignation, or inability to serve as the President, such vacancy shall be filled by a special election for that purpose, notified by any two of the directors, at least three days before the election.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the directors, or a majority of them, shall have power to make, prescribe, and alter such bye-laws, rules and regulations as to them shall appear needful and proper, touching the well ordering of the said corporation, the management and disposition of its stock, property, estate and effects: Provided always, That such bye-laws, rules and regulations shall not be repugnant to the constitution and laws of the United States of America, or the constitution and laws of this state.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the president, together with two of the directors, or three directors in the absence of the president, shall have full power and authority, on behalf of the corporation, to make general insurance upon buildings, vessels, freight, money, and on all goods, wares and merchandize, and to fix premiums for the same; also to transact all such matters as appertain to the establishment of a marine railway, and to establish the tolls for the use of the same; and all policies of insurance by them made shall be subscribed by the president or two directors of the "Mobile Marine Railway and Insurance Company," and countersigned by the secretary, and shall be binding and obligatory upon the said corporation, in like manner, and with like force and effect, as if under the seal of the said corporation.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid,


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That there shall be two stated general meetings of the directors in every year, at which periods they shall examine the accounts, and make a dividend of so much of the profits of the corporations, as to them, or a majority of them, may seem advisable.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the lands, tenements and hereditaments, which it shall be lawful for the said corporation to hold, shall be such as shall be requisite for its accommodation in relation to the convenient transaction of business, or such as shall have been bona fide mortgaged to the said corporation by the way of security, or which may be conveyed to it in satisfaction of debts previously contracted in the course of its dealings, or purchased at sales upon judgements which it shall have obtained for such debts.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said corporation shall not directly or indirectly deal or trade in buying or selling any goods, wares, or merchandize whatsoever.

Sec. 11. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no insurance shall be made by the corporation, until the several securities to be taken for the four-fifths of the said capital stock shall have been received by the directors of the first board of directors, any of the subscribers shall neglect to give such security as shall be satisfactory to the said directors, such subscribers so neglecting, shall forfeit the first payment made as aforesaid, to the said corporation.

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That on the first day on which the subscription for the said shares shall be opened, no person shall be entitled to subscribe in his or her own right, for a greater number than fifty shares of the said capital stock.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no higher tax shall either directly or indirectly be imposed upon the capital stock of said company, than is now, or may hereafter be imposed upon the capital stock of the banking institutions of this state generally.

Sec. 14. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall not be lawful for the said corporations, to use or employ any part of its capital for banking purposes, or exercise banking powers in any manner whatsoever; and that all contracts for the payment of money by the said corporation, shall be under the seal of the same, and shall be taken to operate as specialties at law.

Sec. 15. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That for all debts contracted by the said corporation, the stockholders at the time shall have been contracted, shall be liable in their private and natural capacities, in proportion to the number of shares by them held; and may be proceeded against therefor, jointly or severally, in any court having jurisdiction of the same; but this provision shall not


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be construed to exempt the said corporation, or the lands, tenements, goods, or chattels of the same, from being also liable.

Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and be in force until the thirty-first day of December, 1850: Provided always, that if the said corporation shall at any time during the ter for which the same is hereby granted and created, neglect or refuse to pay, or cause to be paid, any tax or taxes, which may be lawfully imposed upon the said corporations, or the capital stock of the same; or if the said corporation shall do any act or thing contrary to the provisions of this act, then, and in any such case, it shall not be lawful for the said corporation thereafter to enjoy or exercise any of the privileges by this act granted; and all the powers, privileges, benefits and advantages, in and by this act granted to said corporation, who may have agreed to, or voted for, any such act, contrary to the provisions of this act, shall be personally holden to each and every person who may sustain any loss or damage, in consequence of such act or thing.

Approved, Jan. 13th,1827.

 

AN ACT to divide the 36th regiment of Alabama militia.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That all that part of the thirty-sixth regiment of the militia of this state, which lies west of the Alabama river in Wilcox county, shall constitute one regiment, to be called the fiftieth regiment of Alabama militia.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the brigadier general of the seventh brigade to order an election to be holden for a colonel to command the said fiftieth regiment, whose duty it shall be to proceed to organize said regiment in the manner prescribed by law.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the field officers of the fiftieth regiment be, and they are hereby authorized to organize a militia company in the Choctaw corner settlement, in Wilcox county, to consist of a less number of privates than is now required by law to constitute a militia company.

Approved Jan. 1, 1827.

 

AN ACT to authorize the Field Officers of the 56th regiment to form a company of militia in Broxton=s settlement.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the field officers of the forty-sixth regiment, and the field officers of the sixteenth regiment, be, and they are hereby, required to form and organize a company of militia in their several regiments; one in what is known by the name of Broxton=s settlement, in Dale county; and one in Kennedy=s settlement, in Marion county; each of which companies may consist of a less number of private than is now required by law.

Approved Jan. 1, 1827.


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AN ACT better to provide for leasing the 16th section therein named.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the agents or commissioners, for the sixteenth section (of land), in township 1, range 11, west of the meridian of Huntsville, be, and they are hereby authorized to lease said section, or any part thereof, for any number of years.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said agents or commissioners, shall in all other respects be governed by the laws now in force, providing for leasing the 16th sections, and for the application of the funds arising therefrom.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That William Billingsly, James A. Williams and Alexander Williams, or a majority of them, be, and they are hereby authorized to lease, for any number of years, the whole or any part of the sixteenth section, in township eleven, range two, west of the meridian of Huntsville, and are hereby created commissioners for the same.

Approved, Jan. 11, 1827.

 

AN ACT to authorize the Trustees of certain 16th sections in Jackson county to lease them for any number of years not exceeding twenty.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the trustees of all 16th sections in said county, having on them suitable mill seats, may, and they are hereby authorized to lease the whole, or so much of them as they may deem necessary, for the purpose of erecting thereon grist-mills, or any other machinery, any number of years they may deem expedient, not exceeding twenty.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said Trustees shall, in all other respects, be governed by the laws now in force on the subject.

Approved Dec’r. 30th 1826.

 

AN ACT to authorize the School commissioners of the 17th Township, of range 13, to lease the 16th section in said Township.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the school commissioners of the township numbered seventeen, in range numbered thirteen, in the district of lands directed to be sold at Cahawba, be, and they or a majority of them, are hereby authorized and empowered to lease the section numbered sixteen, in said township, for any term not exceeding ninety-nine years.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it is hereby made the duty of said school commissioners to offer the said land to lease to the highest bidder; and it is hereby made the further duty of the said school commissioners to give public notice by advertisement, to be set up in three or more public places in said township, at least thirty days previous to the leasing said section, of the time and place of the same, an also of the conditions on which said sections is to be leased.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of said school commissioners to offer said sixteenth section in


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tracts or parcels of one half quarter section each, on a credit of four equal annual instalments, to commence from the day of said lease: Provide, nevertheless, That said land shall not be leased for a less sum than five dollars per acre.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of said school commissioners to secure the payment of the sums stipulated to be given by the lessors of said lands, by good and sufficient personal security, and also a lien on said lands.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of said school commissioners, and their successors in office, to vest the proceeds of the said leases in some profitable fund, or lend the same on lawful interest; and apply the proceeds thereof to the use and purpose for which the said sixteenth section was reserved by the general government: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be so construed, to vest in said commissioners, or their successors in office, the power of disposing of said proceeds, in any other manner than to appropriate the interest arising from the same, to the support of the school in said township.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That in all cases, before any school commissioner of said township shall enter upon the discharge of the duties of his station, he shall take upon subscribe before some person authorized to administer the same, the following oath, to wit: - I do solemnly swear, or affirm, (as the case may be,) that I will, to the best of my ability, and without partiality or favor, discharge the duties enjoyed upon me, as a school commissioner of the 17th township of range 13, so long as I continue in office, so help me God.

Approved Jan. 13th, 1827.

 

AN ACT to regulate the fees of certain public officers in Baldwin county.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That it shall be lawful for the Judge of the county court, the Clerk of the circuit court, and the Clerk of the county court, the Sheriff and the Coroner, and all Justices of the Peace and Constables of Baldwin county, in addition to the fees of office now allowed by law, severally to demand and receive, fifty per centum on the amount of such fees - any law to the contrary hereof notwithstanding.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from and after the passage thereof.

Approved, Jan. 5, 1827.

 

AN ACT reducing the price of the Digest of the laws of Alabama.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That hereafter, it shall and may be lawful for the digest of the laws of Alabama complied by the late judge Toulmin, to be sold at the price of two dollars and a half per copy, any law to the contrary notwithstanding.


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Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Governor, immediately after the passage of this act, to notify the several agents who are intrusted with the sale of the laws aforesaid, with the price of the same as established by this act, and the said agents are required to make known the same by advertisement, set up at the doors of their respective court houses.

Approved, Jan. 1, 1827.

 

AN ACT concerning the 16th section herein mentioned.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the commissioners for the sixteenth section in township three and range eleven west of the meridian of Huntsville, be and they are hereby authorized to lease said section for any term of time not exceeding twenty years, renewable for ever on the expiration of such successive terms on the payment by the lessee or the lessees, his or their heirs, executors or administrators or assigns, of such sum or sums of money as may be stipulated and agreed upon, by the parties at the time of executing such lease, and regarding rent annually, after the expiration of such time, as may by said commissioners be thought reasonable after the execution of such lease.

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That said commissioners or their successors in appointment are hereby authorized to procure by purchase or otherwise from the government of the United States, the south east quarter of section number nine, township three, range eleven west of Huntsville, and they are hereby authorized to procure the same by purchase out of the first proceed of the rent arising from said sixteenth section for the use and benefit of the inhabitants of said township forever.

Approved, Jan. 13th, 1827.

 

AN ACT organizing the 12th Regiment of Militia, St. Clair county. Whereas, great inconvenience exists in the 12th regiment of Alabama militia in the 3d brigade, in consequence of the local situation thereof, for remedy whereof,

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That from and after the passage of this act, the twelfth regiment for the convenience of the militia thereof, shall and may consist of three battalions; the first battalion shall be commanded by the lieutenant colonel, the second and third battalions shall be commanded by the majors.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the field officers in command in the regiment aforesaid, shall retain the command heretofore held by them, and the bounds of the respective militia companies shall be designated altered or amended, according to the existing militia laws of this state.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That where there may be any vacancy for a major in the second or third battalions, the colonel shall cause an election


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to be held for the purpose of electing a major, or where there has been no major commanding either of the battalions aforesaid, an election shall be held to fill the commands according to the rules prescribed by the existing laws.

Approved Jan. 12, 1827.

 

AN ACT making it the duty of the Comptroller of Public Accounts to lay before both houses of the General Assembly, annually, in the first week of its session, a fair expose of the disbursement made from the contingent fund.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the state of Alabama, in general assembly convened, That hereafter it shall be the duty of the Comptroller of public accounts to lay before both houses of the general assembly, annually, in the first week of its session, a full expose of the disbursements made from the contingent fund, to whom paid, and for what services; any law, usage or custom to the contrary, notwithstanding.

APPROVED Jan. 12, 1827.

 

AN ACT to make an appropriation for digesting and revising the Militia and patrol laws of this State, as authorized by the General Assembly at their last session.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the state of Alabama, in general assembly convened, That the sum of two hundred dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated to T. W. Farrar, as compensation for digesting and revising the militia and patrol laws of this state, in conformity to an act of the General Assembly, passed the ---- day of ----- 1825; and that the Comptroller be, and he is hereby, authorized to draw his warrant on the Treasurer for the said sum in favor of the said T.W. Farrar.

APPROVED, Dec. 13, 1826.

 

AN ACT to provide for the payment of Petit Jurors in certain counties therein named.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the state of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the petit jury in the several counties of Clarke, Washington, Marengo, Butler, Dallas, Conecuh, and Shelby, shall in all civil cases on which verdicts shall be rendered by them, receive the sum of two dollars for each cause tried, to be paid by the plaintiff, or successful party, at the time of rendering the verdict, which shall be full compensation for their service as jurors; and the sum so paid by the plaintiff, or successful party, shall be taxed and collected in the bill of costs, for the use of the successful party.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the tax of two dollars on each suit, now authorized by law to be taxed in the bill of costs, shall cease to be in force in the several counties in this act mentioned.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all laws, and parts of laws, now in force providing for the payment of petit jurors, so far as respects the several counties in this act mentioned, be and the same are hereby repealed.

APPROVED, Dec. 22, 1826.

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AN ACT to require additional services to be performed by the judge of the first judicial circuit in this state.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the judge of the first judicial circuit of this state be, and he is hereby, required, in addition to the duties now required of him by law, to hold two extra terms of the circuit court in the county of Mobile, for the trial of criminal causes; and it shall be and is hereby made the duty of the sheriff and clerk of the circuit court of the said county of Mobile to draw, in the manner now pointed out by law, the same number of jurors required to the regular terms of said court; and it shall be the duty of the sheriff to summon said jurors to attend the said extra term of the circuit court hereby required to be holden.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said extra terms of the circuit court of Mobile county required by the first section of this act to be held, shall commence on the second Mondays of February and June, and shall continue one week if business so long require.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the act heretofore passed requiring the judges of the circuit courts to alternate so far as the same relates to the judge of the first judicial circuit, be the same is hereby repealed.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That no extra pay be allowed said judge for the services above required.

APPROVED Jan. 12, 1827.

 

AN ACT prescribing the punishment of slaves and free persons of color for the commission of the crime of manslaughter on other slaves or free persons of color.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That if any slave or free person of color shall hereafter be tried and found guilty of the crime of manslaughter, committed on the body of any other slave or free person of color, such slave or free person of color, so offending, shall receive not less than thirty-nine, nor more than one hundred, lashes, on his or her bare back, at the discretion of the jury trying the offence, to be inflicted by the sheriff of the county in which said slave or free person of color shall be found guilty; and moreover, that such slave or free person of color be branded in the forehead with the letter M.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall commence and be in force from and after its passage.

APPROVED, Dec. 30, 1826.

 

AN ACT to prevent the Creek Indians from hunting and trapping within the settled limits of this State.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in general assembly convened, That if any Creek Indian or Indians shall, after the first day of May next, be found hunting, trapping or fishing within the settled limits of this state, or upon any lands in this state to


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which the Indian title has been extinguished, it shall be lawful for any person or persons to arrest such Indian or Indians so found hunting, &c. as aforesaid, and to carry him or them before some justice of the peace of the county in which such offence may have been committed.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any justice of the peace, before whom any Indian or Indians may be brought for trial, charged with the offence of hunting, &c. as specified in the first section of this act, to examine such proof as may be adduced before him, and if in his judgment such Indian or Indians be guilty of the offence with which he or they may stand charged, such justice shall cause the gun and trap or traps of such Indian or Indians to be taken from him or them, and place the same in the hands of some constable, whose duty it shall be, (on giving ten days notice by public advertisement,) to proceed to sell the same to the highest bidder, for cash, and pay the proceeds thereof, to the agent of the nation to which such Indian may belong, for the use and benefit of such Indian, after deducting his fees for said service; and upon conviction before any justice of the peace of any Indian or Indians, of a second offence of hunting, &c. as aforesaid, said justice may commit any such Indian or Indians to the common jail of the county in which such offence may have been committed, for any time not more than five, nor less than one day.

APPROVED Jan. 11, 1827.

 

AN ACT to exempt the members of the Hook and Ladder company in the city of Mobile from militia and patrol duty, and for other purposes.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That the same privileges and immunities heretofore granted by law to the members of the Neptune Fire Companies No. 1 and 2, in the city of Mobile, be, and they are hereby, extended to the Hook and Ladder Company of said city: Provided, however, That the number of said company shall not at any one time exceed twenty-five.

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all licensed physicians within the city of Mobile, be and they are hereby exempted from serving on juries: Provided, however, that they and each of them, who may avail themselves of this exemption, pay into the treasury of the school fund for the county of Mobile the sum of five dollars per annum, as an equivalent for the immunity hereby granted.

APPROVED, Jan. 12, 1827

 

AN ACT further to relieve insolvent debtors, and the better to secure the right of creditors.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama, in General Assembly convened, That hereafter the head of every family in this state may be entitled to keep one work horse, mare, mule, or oxen, exempt from execution from the first day of February until the first day of August in every year: Provided, the person or persons wishing to take the benefit of this act, will enter into


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bond, with good and sufficient security, for the delivery of said property so retained in possession, or value thereof in cash, to any creditor or creditors who may have said property levied on by virtue of an execution, on or before the first day of August aforesaid.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all bonds taken pursuant to the provisions of this act shall have the force and effect of a judgment against principal and security, provided the property retained by virtue of the same shall not be delivered on or before the day pointed out in said bond or bonds: Provided, that this act shall not be so construed as to affect the collection of any debt contracted previous to the passage thereof.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That any person or persons who may take the benefit of this act shall not be compelled to give security in a greater sum than the value of the property so retained, to be settled according to the judgment of two respectable citizens of the neighborhood.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That all laws and parts laws contravening the provisions of this act, be, and the same are hereby, repealed; and this act shall take effect and be in force from and after the passage thereof.

Approved, Jan. 13th, 1827.