Saturday, November 11, 1820.

Mr. Fitzpatrick, of Montgomery, presented the petition of sundry inhabitants of Montgomery, Dallas, and Autauga, praying that a new county may be formed from the said counties which was received by the House: and on motion, ordered, that the said petition be referred to the Committee on County Boundaries.

Mr. Chapman presented the petition of Lemuel Mead, praying the passage of a law emancipating Richmond, a man of color, for reasons therein stated; and on motion. Ordered, that the said petition be referred to a select committee; whereupon Messrs. Morton, Clay, and Moore, of Madison, were appointed said committee.

Mr. Smoot presented the petition of Sarah Baldwin, executrix of William Baldwin, deceased, and Francis H. Gaines, in right of his wife, one of the devisees of the said William, praying the passage of a law, authorising them to sell a part of the real estate of the said William Baldwin, which was received, and on motion Ordered, that the said petition, with the accompanying documents, be referred to the committee of propositions and grievances.

Mr. Smoot presented the petition of James Farr, praying the passage of a law emancipating certain slaves therein named, which was received by the House, and on motion Ordered, that the said petition


(15)

be referred to a select committee, and Messrs Morton, Clay and Moore of Madison, are said committee. Mr. Smoot also presented the petition of Daniel Reed, a free man of color, praying the passage of a law to emancipate his children Eliza and Judah, which was received; and on motion Ordered, that the said petition with the accompanying documents, be referred to a select committee and Messrs. Morton, Clay and Moore, of Madison, are said committee.

Mr. McKinley presented the petition of James Penn, praying for the establishment of a turnpike road therein named, which was received, and on motion  Ordered, that the said petition be referred to the committee on roads, bridges, &c.

Mr. Duke presented the petition of sundry lessees of school lands in township No. 4, of Range No. 11, to wit, praying a remission of rent on the same, which was received; and on motion Ordered, that the said petition be referred to the committee on propositions and grievances. Mr. Murrell presented the petition of sundry inhabitants of Wilcox, praying that a part of the said county be annexed to Clarke which was received; and on motion Ordered, that the said petition be referred to the committee on county boundaries.

Mr. Bailey presented the petition of sundry inhabitants of Lauderdale, praying the removal from office of Zedekiah Tate, one of the Justices of the County Court of said county, which was received and on motion, Ordered, That the said petition lie on the table.

Mr. Creagh presented the petition of George Fisher, praying remuneration for building a bridge over Bassets Creek, in the county of Clarke, which was received; and on motion, Ordered, That the said petition be referred to the Committee on Propositions and Grievances.

On motion, Ordered, That Mr. Shackleford be added to the Military Committee.

On motion of Mr. McKinley, Ordered, That the bill to incorporate the town of Selma, in the county of Dallas, lie on the table till Monday.

The House resolved itself into a Committee of the whole, Mr. Wedon in the chair, upon the bill entitled an act amendatory of an act entitled an act to provide for the sale of lots in the town of Cahawba, and for other purposes; and an act entitled an act providing for the temporary and permanent seats of government. Mr. Perkins moved to strike out the first section of the bill, which was decided in the negative. The bill was then read a second time, and the Chairman reported the same without amendment. The Speaker then resumed the chair, and reported the bill to the House; and, on motion of Mr. McVay, the House dispensed with the rule which requires a bill to be read on three different days, and the bill was forthwith read a third time and passed.

Mr. Perkins, from the committee appointed to draft rules of order and decorum for the government of the proceedings of this House, submitted the following report, which was received and adopted by the House: to wit.

Rule 1st. The Speaker shall take the chair every day at the hour to which the House shall have adjourned on the preceding day; shall immediately call the members to order, and on the appearance of a quorum, cause the journal of the preceding day to be read.


(16)

2d. He shall preserve order and decorum; may speak to points of order in preference to the other members, rising from his chair for that purpose. He shall decide questions of order, subject to an appeal to the House, at the request of any two members; which appeal shall be decided without debate.

3d. He shall rise to put a question; but may state it sitting. All questions shall be distinctly put in this form: viz. as many as are of opinion that ( as the question may be) say aye; and after the affirmative voice is expressed, as many as are of the contrary opinion, say no. If the Speaker doubts or a division be called for, the House shall divide: those of the affirmative of the question shall first rise from their seats; and afterwards, those of the negative.

4th. He shall have a right to name any member to perform the duties of the chair; but such substitutions shall not extend beyond an adjournment.

5th. Fifteen members shall have power to call a House, and send for absent members. A majority shall be a quorum to transact business; and seven members after the hour of twelve may adjourn from day to day.

6th. When a member is about to speak, or deliver any matter to the House, he shall rise from his seat, and respectfully address himself to Mr. Speaker.

7th. If any member, in speaking or otherwise, transgress the rules, the Speaker shall, or any member may call to order; in which case the member so called to order shall immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain; and the House shall, if applied to, decide on the case, but without debate. If the decision be in favour of the member so called to order, he shall be at liberty to proceed; if otherwise and the case require it, he shall be liable to the censure of the House.

8th. When two or more members happen to rise at the same time, the speaker shall name the person who is to speak first.

9th. No member shall speak more than twice to the same question without leave of the House, nor more than once until every member choosing to speak shall have spoken.

10th. When the Speaker is putting a question, or addressing the House, none shall walk across the room; nor when a member is speaking, enter into private discourse, nor pass between him and the chair.

11th. Upon calls of the House for taking the yeas and nays on any question, the names of the members shall be called alphabetically and each member shall answer from his seat.

12th. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated by the Speaker or if in writing, shall be read a loud by the Clerk, and every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker or any member request it.

13th. Any member may call for a division of the question, when the sense will admit of it.

14th. Each member shall particularly forbear personal reflections nor shall any member name another in argument or debate.

15th. After a motion is stated by the Speaker, or read by the Clerk it shall be deemed in possession of the House, but may be withdrawn at any time before the decision or amendment.


(17)

16th. When a question is under debate no motion shall be received but to adjourn, to postpone to a day certain, to lie on the table, for the previous question, to postpone indefinitely, to commit or amend: which several motions shall have precedence in the order in which they stand arranged.

17th A motion to adjourn shall be always in order, and shall be decided without debate.

18th. The previous question shall be in this form: Shall the main question be now put? It shall only be admitted when demanded by a majority of the members present; and until it is decided, shall preclude all amendments, and further debate of the main question. On a previous question there shall be no debate.

19th. When a motion has been once made, and carried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move for the re-consideration thereof on the same or the succeeding day.

20th. The House shall resolve itself into a committee of the whole when deemed necessary ; and when in committee of the whole, shall be governed by these rules, except that in committee of the whole any member may speak as often as he may think proper.

21st. The Speaker may appoint committees, unless otherwise directed by the House.

22d. The Speaker shall vote on all questions; and when the yeas and nays are desired, the Speaker shall be first called, and if the House shall be equally divided the question shall be lost.

23d. No member shall absent himself from the service of the House, unless he have leave, be sick, or unable to attend.

24th. Upon a motion for a call of the House the names of the members shall be called over by the clerk, and the absentees without leave noted: one hour after which the names of the absentees shall again be called over, and those for whom no excuse or an insufficient excuse is made, may, by order of those present, if fifteen in number, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent for and taken into custody when to be found.

25th. After the Journals are read on each day petitions shall be called for by the chair; next, reports of the standing committees; and lastly, the reports of select committees, except the committee of enrollments, who may report at any time during the session of the House, when not excluded by some privileged motion.

26th. Motions and reports may be committed at the pleasure of the House.

27th. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for leave, or by order of the House; which bill may, on its second reading, be committed to a standing committee, a select committee or a committee of the whole House; but commitment to one shall not preclude the commitment to either of the others.

28th. All bills shall be dispatched in order, as they were introduced, unless when the House shall otherwise direct.

29th. Upon the second reading of a bill, the Speaker shall state it as ready for commitment or engrossment; and if committed, then the question shall be, whether to a select of standing committee, or to a committee of the whole House? if to a committee of the whole House, the House shall determine on what day.


(18)

30th. After the commitment and report thereof to the House, or at any time before its third reading a bill may be committed.

31st. When a bill shall pass it shall be certified by the clerk, noting the day of its passage at the foot thereof.

32d. In forming a committee of the whole House the Speaker shall leave his chair, and a chairman to preside in committee shall be appointed by the Speaker.

33d. Upon a bill being committed to a committee of the whole House, the same shall be first read throughout by the clerk, and then again read and debated by clauses, leaving the preamble to be last considered; after report, the bill shall again be subject to debate and amendment by clauses, before the question for engrossing it be taken.

34th. All amendments made to an original motion in committee shall be incorporated with the motion, and so reported.

35th. All questions, whether in committee or in the House, shall be disposed of in the order in which they were moved; except that in filling up the blanks, the largest sum and the most remote day shall be first put.

36th. The rules of proceeding in the House shall be observed in committee , so far as they may be applicable, except that of limiting the time of speaking and putting the previous question, which shall not be put in committee.

37th. A majority of any committee shall be a sufficient number to proceed to business.

38th. Whenever it shall be necessary for a communication to be made from the House of Representatives to the Senate, the Speaker shall appoint one or more members to bear the same.

39th. When the House adjourns no member shall leave his seat until the Speaker has gone forth.

40th. No Committee shall sit during the sitting of the House without special leave.

41st. The Clerk of the House and the assistant Clerks, shall severally take an oath for the true and faithful discharge of the duties of their office to the best of their knowledge and abilities and shall be deemed to continue in office until others be appointed, which oath shall be administered by the Speaker.

42d. No standing order shall be rescinded without one day's notice given of the motion therefor.

43d. Whoever violates any of the foregoing rules, shall suffer such censure as a majority of the House may direct. Ordered, That a list of the different committees be hereunto attached, and that one hundred copies thereof be printed.

The House then resumed the consideration of the bill to legalize the election in Jackson county in August last, which was read a second time ,and on motion of Col. John Brown, the House resolved itself into a committee of the whole, Mr. Weedon in the chair, on the said bill.

Mr. McKinley moved to fill the blank with the names of the four members elected; which was withdrawn by leave of the House. The Chairman then reported progress and obtained leave to sit again on Monday next.

Mr. Cleveland, from the Committee to whom was referred the print-


(19)

ing of the Journals and Laws of this State, reported the following bill "a bill entitled an act to provide for the public printing and for other purposes;" which was received and read a first time and ordered to be read a second time on Monday next.

The House then adjourned till Monday next 10 o'clock.