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FIRST DAY.

JOURNAL OF THE CONVENTION

MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA,

January 7th, 1861

This being the day prescribed by proclamation of the Governor of the State of Alabama for the assembling of Delegates to the Convention to be holden in accordance with the provisions of a Joint Resolution of the Legislature of Alabama approved, February 24th, 1860, “calling a Convention in a certain contingency in the election of a President of the United States,” the Delegates elect to said Convention, met in the hall of the House of Representatives at the Capital, at 12 o'clock, M., and on motion of A. G. Humphries of Mobile, W. S. Phillips, of Dallas, was called to the Chair, as temporary President, for the purpose of organization, and A. G. Horn, of Mobile, and S. B. Brewer, of Montgomery, were appointed temporary Secretaries.

Mr. Yancey, of Montgomery, offered the following resolutions which were unanimously adopted:

Resolved 1st, That the proceedings of the Convention be opened with prayer, and that the Rev. Dr. Manly be invited to perform this service today.

Resolved 2nd, That the President of the Convention be requested to invite some clergyman to open the Convention with prayer on each successive day of its session.

The Convention was then opened with prayer from Rev. Dr. B. Manly, of Montgomery.

The following Delegates enrolled their names:

From the County of-

Autauga-Geo. Rives, Sr.


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Barbour-John Cochran, Alpheus Baker, J. W. Daniel.

Baldwin-Joseph Silver.

Bibb-Jas. W. Crawford.

Blount-John S. Brasher, W. H. Edwards.

Butler-S. J. Bolling, John McPherson.

Calhoun-D. T. Ryan, J. M. Crook, G. C. Whatley.

Chambers-J. F. Dowdell, W. H. Barnes.

Cherokee-Henry C. Sanford, W. L. Whitlock, John Potter. J. P. Ralls.

Choctaw-S. E. Catterlin, A. J. Curtis.

Clarke-O. S. Jewett.

Coffee-G. T. Yelverton.

Conecuh-John Green.

Coosa-Geo. Taylor, J. B. Leonard, Albert Crumpler.

Covington-D. C. Davis.

Dallas-J. T. Morgan, W. S. Phillips.

Dale-D. B. Creech. James McKinnie.

DeKalb-Wm. O. Winston. J. H. Franklin.

Fayette-B. W. Wilson, E. P. Jones

Franklin-J. A.. Steele, R. S. Watkins.

Greene-J. D. Webb, T. H. Herndon.

Henry-H. E. Owens, T. T. Smith.

Jackson-J. R. Coffey, J. P. Timberlake, W. A. Hood.

Jefferson-Wm. S. Earnest.

Lauderdale-S. C. Posey, H. C. Jones.

Lawrence-D. P. Lewis, J. S. Clarke.

Limestone-J. P. Coman, T. J. McClellan.

Lowndes-J. S. Williamson, J. G. Gilchrist.

Macon-Saml. Henderson O. R. Blue, J. H. Foster.

Madison-Nich. Davis, Jere. Clemens.

Marshall-A. C. Beard, J. L. Sheffield.

Marengo-W. E. Clarke.

Marion-Lang C. Allen, W. Steadham

Mobile-John Bragg, G. A. Ketchum, E. S. Dargan, H. G. Humphries.

Montgomery-W. L. Yancey, T. H. Watts.

Morgan-Jonathan Ford.

Perry-W. M. Brooks, J. F. Baily.

Pickens-L. M. Stone, W. H. Davis.

Pike-Eli W. Starke, J. A. Henderson, A. P. Love.

Randolph-H. M. Gay, Geo. Forrester, R. J. Wood.

Russell-R. O. Howard, B. H. Baker.

Shelby-G. D. Shortridge, J. I. McClanahan.

St. Clair-John W. Inzer.


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Sumter-A. A. Coleman.

Talladega-N. D. Johnson A. R. Barclay, M. G. Slaughter.

Tallapoosa-A. Kimball, M. J. Bulger, T. J. Russell.

Tuscaloosa-R.  Jemison, Jr., W. R. Smith,

Walker-Robt. Guttery.

Washington-J. G. Hawkins.

Wilcox-F. K. Beck.

Winston-C. C. Sheets.

Mr. Morgan moved that the members will abstain from applause on all occasions, and that all demonstrations of applause in the galleries and lobby shall be strictly prohibited.

The Convention then proceeded to the election of a permanent President.

Mr. Beck nominated Wm. M. Brooks, of Perry.

Mr. Davis of Madison, nominated Robt. Jemison, Jr. of Tuscaloosa..

On casting up the vote it was for Mr. Brooks, 53;for Mr. Jemison, 45.

Those who voted for Mr. Brooks, are-Bailey, Baker, of Barbour, Baker, of Russell, Barnes, Beck, Blue, Bolling, Bragg, Catterlin, Clarke. of Marengo Cochran, Coleman, Crawford, Creech, Crook, Curtis, Daniel, Durgan, Davis, of Covington,  Davis of Pickens, Dowdell, Foster, Gibbons, Gilchrist, Hawkins, Henderson, of Macon, Henderson of Pike, Herndon, Howard, Humphries, Jewett, Ketchum, Love, McClanahan, McPherson, McKinnie, Morgan, Owens, Phillips, Ralls, Rives, Ryan, Shortridge Silver, Smith, of Henry, Starke, Stone, Watts, Webb, Whatley, Williamson, Yancey, Yelverton-53

Those who voted for Mr. Jemison are-Allen, Barclay, Beard, Brasher, Bulger, Clarke, of Lawrence, Clemens, Coffey, Coman, Crumpler, Davis, of Madison Earnest, Edwards, Ford, Forrester, Franklin, Gay, Green, Guttery, Hood, Inzer, Jones, of Fayette, Jones, of Lauderdale, Johnson, Kimball, Leonard, Lewis, McClellan, Posey, Potter, Russell, Sanford, Sheets, Sheffield, Slaughter, Smith, of Tuscaloosa Steadham, Steele, Taylor, Timberlake, Watkins, Whitlook, Wilson, Winston, Wood-45.

Mr. Brooks was declared duly elected, and Messrs. Bragg, Winston, and Humphries, were appointed to wait upon him by whom he was conducted to the chair, and assumed the duties of his office.

The Convention proceeded to elect a permanent Secreta-


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ry, when A. G. Horn, of Mobile, W. H. C. Price, of Macon, and W. H. Fowler, of Greene, being in nomination, the vote stood for Mr. Fowler, 57; for Mr. Price, 23; for Mr. Horn, 20; and Mr. Fowler was elected.

Those who voted for Mr. Fowler, are-Mr. President, Allen, Bailey, Barclay, Beard, Brasher, Bulger, Clarke, of Lawrence, Coffey, Coleman, Coman, Crawford, Crumpler, Davis, of Madison, Earnest, Edwards, Ford, Forrester, Franklin, Gay, Green, Guttery, Herndon, Hood, Inzer, Jemison, Jones, of Fayette, Jones, of Lauderdale, Johnson, Kimball, Leonard, Lewis, McClanahan, McClellan, Posey, Potter, Russell, Ryan, Sanford, Sheets, Sheffield, Shortridge, Slaughter, Smith, of Tuscaloosa, Steadham, Steele, Timberlake, Watkins, Webb, Whatley, Whitlock, Williamson, Winston, Wood, Yelverton-57.

Those who voted for Mr. Price, are-Baker, of Barbour, Baker, of Russell, Barnes, Blue, Bolling, Clemens, Creech, Crook, Daniel, Dowdell, Foster, Henderson, of Macon, Howard, McPherson, McKinnie, Owens, Ralls, Rives, Smith, of Henry, Starke, Watts, Yancey-23.

Those who voted for Mr. Horn, are-Beck, Bragg, Catterlin, Clarke, of Marengo, Curtis, Dargan, Davis, of Covington, Davis, of Pickens, Gibbons, Gilchrist, Hawkins, Henderson, of Pike, Humphries, Jewett, Ketchum, Love, Morgan, Phillips, Silver, Stone-20.

On motion by Mr. Baker, of Russell, the Convention elected an Assistant Secretary. Frank L. Smith, of Montgomery, and Wm. A. Smythe being in nomination, the vote stood for Mr. Smith, 53; for Mr. Smythe, 47; and Mr. Smith was declared elected.

Those who voted for Mr. Smith, are-Mr. President, Bailey, Baker, of Barbour, Barnes, Beck, Blue, Bolling, Bragg, Catterlin, Clarke, of Marengo, Cochran, Coleman, Crawford, Creech, Crook, Curtis, Daniel, Dargan, Davis, of Covington, Dowdell, Foster, Gibbons, Gilchrist, Green, Hawkins, Henderson, of Macon, Henderson, of Pike, Herndon, Howard Humphries, Stewart, Ketchum, Love, McClanahan, McPherson, McKinnie, Morgan, Owens, Phillips, Ralls, Rives, Ryan, Shortridge, Silver, Smith, of Henry, Starke, Stone, Watts, Webb, Whatley, Williamson, Yancey, Yelverton-53.

Those who voted for Mr. Smythe, are-Allen, Baker, of Russell, Barclay, Beard, Brasher, Bulger, Clarke, of Lawrence, Clemens, Coffey, Coman, Crumpler, Davis, of Madison, Davis, of Pickens, Earnest, Edwards, Ford, Forrester,


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Franklin, Gay, Guttery, Hood, Inzer, Jemison, Jones, of Fayette, Jones, of Lauderdale, Johnson, Kimball, Leonard, Lewis, McClellan, Posey, Potter, Russell, Sanford, Sheets, Sheffield, Slaughter, Smith, of Tuscaloosa, Steadham, Steele, Taylor, Timberlake, Watkins, Whitlock, Wilson, Winston, Wood-47.

Mr. Watts moved to elect an Engrossing Clerk. Adopted.

Mr. Morgan moved to reconsider, which was carried, and the motion to elect an Engrossing Clerk was defeated.

Mr. Whatley moved to elect a Doorkeeper. Carried.

And Messrs. James H. Miller, John Barr, R. H. Wynne, E. Humphries, and______Jones were nominated.

On the first ballot the vote stood for Mr. Wynne, 48; Mr. Barr, 42; Mr. Miller, 9.

Those who voted for Mr. Wynne, are-Mr. President, Baily, Baker, of Barbour, Barnes, Ceck, Blue, Bragg, Clarke, of Marengo, Cochran, Coleman, Crawford, Crook, Curtis, Daniel, Dargan, Davis, of Pickens, Dowdell, Earnest, Foster, Gibbons, Gilchrist, Hawkins, Henderson, of Macon, Herndon, Howard, Humphries, Inzer, Jewett, Johnson, Ketchum, McClanahan, McPherson, McKinnie, Morgan, Owens, Phillips, Ralls, Ryan, Shortridge, Silver, Smith, of Henry, Starke, Stone, Webb, Whatley, Whitlock, Wood, Yelverton-48.

Those who voted for Mr. Barr, are-Allen, Barclay, Beard, Brasher, Bulger, Clarke, of Lawrence. Clemens, Coffey, Coman, Creech, Crumpler, Davis, of Madison, Edwards, Ford, Forrester, Franklin, Gay, Green, Guttery, Hood, Jemison, Jones, of Fayette, Jones, of Lauderdale, Kimball, Leonard, Lewis, McClellan, Posey, Potter, Russell, Sanford, Sheets, Sheffield, Slaughter, Steadham, Steele, Taylor, Timberlake, Smith, of Tuscaloosa, Watkins, Wilson, Winston-42.

Those who voted for Mr. Miller, are-Baker, of Russell, Bolling, Catterlin, Davis, of Covington, Henderson, of Pike, Rives, Watts, Williamson, Yancey-9.

No one having received a majority of all the votes cast, a second ballot was ordered. Mr. Miller was withdrawn, and the vote was for Mr. Wynne, 58; for Mr. Barr, 40; and Mr. Wynne, was declared elected.

Those who voted for Mr. Wynne, are-Mr. President, Bailey, Baker, of Barbour, Barnes, Beck Blue, Bolling, Bragg, Catterlin, Clarke, of Marengo, Cochran, Coleman, Crawford, Creech, Crook, Curtis, Daniel, Dargan, Davis, of Cov-


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ington, Davis, of Pickens, Dowdell, Foster, Gibbons, Gilchrist, Green, Hawkins, Henderson, of Macon, Henderson, of Pike, Herndon, Howard, Humphries, Inzer, Jewett, Johnson, Ketchum, Love, McClanahan, MePherson, McKinnie, Morgan, Owens, Phillips, Ralls, Rives, Ryan, Shortridge, Silver, Smith, of Henry, Starke, Stone, Watts, Webb, Whatley, Whitlock, Williamson, Wood, Yancey, Yeverton-58.

Those who voted for Mr. Barr, are-Messrs. Allen, Barclay, Beard, Brasher, Bulger, Coman, Clarke, of Lawrence, Clemens, Coffey, Crumpler, Davis, of Madison, Earnest, Edwards, Ford, Forrester, Franklin, Gay, Guttery, Hood, Jemison, Jones, of Fayette, Jones, of Lauderdale, Kimball, Leonard, Lewis, McClellan, Posey, Potter, Russell, Sanford, Sheets, Sheffield, Slaughter, Smith, of Tuscaloosa, Steadham, Steele, Taylor, Timberlake, Watkins, Wilson, Winston-41.

The President laid before the Convention, the credentials of Hon. A. P. Calhoun, as a Commissioner from the State of South Carolina, and, on motion of Mr. Yancey, it was-

Resolved, That a Committee of three be appointed to wait upon the Hon. A. P. Calhoun, Commissioner from the State of South Carolina, and request him to address the Convention at such time as he may designate, and that he be invited to take a seat within the bar of the Convention,

And Messrs. Yancey, Webb, and Davis, of Madison, were appointed.

Credential of the Commissioner from South Carolina:

THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.

Whereas, Andrew P. Calhoun has been duly elected by a vote of the Convention of the People of the State of South Carolina, to act as a Commissioner to the Convention of the People of the State of Alabama, and the said Convention of the People of the State of South Carolina has ordered the Governor of said State to Commission the said Andrew P. Calhoun.

Now Therefore, I do hereby Commission you the said Andrew P. Calhoun, to act as a Commissioner from the State of South Carolina in Convention assembled, to the State of Alabama in Convention assembled, to confer upon the subjects entrusted to your charge.

Witness, His Excellency, Francis W. Pickens, Governor


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and Commander-in-Chief of said State. This, first day of January, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and the eighty-fifth year of the Sovereignty and Independence of the State of South Carolina.

F. W. PICKENS.

By the Governor-JAMES A. DUFFUS,

Deputy Secretary of State.

On motion of Mr. Dowdell, it was

Resolved, That the Commissioners to and from the State of Alabama, be invited to seats within the bar of the House.

On motion by Mr. Dargan, it was

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed by the President, of this Convention, whose duty it shall be to report rules by which this Convention shall be governed in their deliberations and actions, and Messrs. Dargan, Jemison, Cochran, Clemens, and Gilchrist, were appointed.

On motion by Mr. Phillips, it was

Resolved, That the Governor of the State of Alabama, and our Representatives to the Congress of the United States, who may be present during the sitting of the Convention, be invited to seats within the bar.

On motion by Mr. Phillips, it was

Resolved, That the Governor of the State of Alabama, and our representatives to the Congress of the U. S., who may be present during the sitting of the Convention, be invited to seats within the bar.

On motion of Mr. Cochran, it was

Resolved, That the Governor of the State be requested to communicate to the Convention any information he may have respecting the condition of the country.

The President laid the following communication before the Convention:

HEAD QUARTERS 2D VOL. REG'T. OF ALABAMA.

Montgomery, Ala., Jan. 7, 1860.

To the President and Members of the Convention of the People of Alabama:

You are respectfully invited to attend a Review of the 2d Volunteer Regiment, at the old race track to-morrow afternoon, at 3 1/2 o’clock. The Governor will review the Regiment.

T. LOMAX,

Col. 2d Regiment.


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Mr. Whatley presented resolutions contemplating resistance to a Black Republican Administration, which, after free discussion and suggestions from various members, were agreed on as follows, and unanimously adopted:

Whereas, The only bond of union between the several States is the Constitution of the United States-

And whereas, that the Constitution has been violated, and by a majority of the Northern States in their separate legislative action, denying to the people of the Southern States their Constitutional rights.

And whereas, a sectional party, known as the Black Republican party, has in the recent election, elected Abraham Lincoln to the office of President, and Hannibal Hamlin to the office of the Vice President of the United States, upon the avowed principle that the Constitution of the United States does not recognize property in slaves, and that the power of the government should be so exercised that slavery should, in time be exterminated.

Therefore be it Resolved, By the people of Alabama in Convention assembled, that the State of Alabama cannot and will not submit to the administration of Lincoln and Hamlin, as President and Vice President of the United States, upon the principles referred to in the foregoing preamble:

Those who voted for the resolutions, are-Mr. President, Allen, Baily, Baker of Barbour, Baker of Russell, Barclay, Barnes, Board, Beck, Blue, Bolling, Bragg, Brasher, Catterlin, Clarke, of Marengo, Clarke, of Lawrence, Clemens, Cochran, Coffey, Coleman, Coman, Crawford, Creech, Crook, Crumpler, Curtis, Daniel, Dargan, Davis, of Covington, Davis, of Madison, Davis, of Pickens, Dowdell, Earnest, Edwards, Ford, Forrester, Foster, Franklin, Gay, Gibbons, Gilchrist, Green, Guttery, Hawkins, Henderson, of Macon, Henderson, of Pike, Herndon, Hood, Howard, Humphries, Inzer, Jemison, Jewett, Jones, of Fayette, Jones, of Lauderdale, Johnson, Ketchum, Leonard, Lewis, Love, McClanahan, McClellan, McPherson, McKinnie, Morgan, Owens, Phillips, Posey, Potter, Ralls, Rives, Russell, Ryan, Sanford, Sheets, Sheffield, Shortridge, Silver, Slaughter, Smith, of Henry, Smith, of Tuscaloosa, Starke, Steadham, Steele, Stone, Taylor, Timberlake, Watkins, Watts, Webb, Whatley, Whitlock, Williamson, Wilson, Winston, Wood, Yancey, Yelverton-98.

None voted against it.


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The Convention then adjourned till 10 o’clock, to-morrow morning.