January 12th, 1861.

The Convention was called to order by the President at 11 o’clock, a. m.

Prayer by Rev. Samuel Henderson, (of the Convention.)

Journal of yesterday read and approved.

Mr. Cochran presented the following resolution:

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed by the President, to wait upon G en. J. W. A. Sanford, Commissioner to this State from the State of Georgia, and upon Hon. J. W. Matthews, Commissioner from the State of Mississippi to this Convention, and invite them to address the Convention at such times as may be agreeable to them.

Adopted. And Messrs. Cochran, Herndon and Baily were appointed.

The following resolution was adopted, on motion of Mr. Smith, of Tuscaloosa:

Resolved, That the Judges of the Supreme Court, the Attorney-General, and the Judges of the Circuit Courts be invited to seats within the Hall during the sittings of this Convention.

Mr. Dowdell offered the following resolutions:

Resolved by the people of Alabama, in Convention assembled. That the sum of three hundred thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated for the purchase of provisions and supplies to meet the necessities of whatever troops may be called into the service of the State, and that________ ________be selected as special agent to purchase the same immediately, under the directions of the Governor of the State.

Resolved, 2d, That, said agent shall be required to enter into sufficient bond for the faithful discharge of said duty, payable to the Governor of the State, in such amount as he may direct, and to be approved by him.


Resolved, 3d, That the Governor of the State be, and is hereby authorized to borrow said amount upon the faith and credit of the State.

Consideration of this resolution was suspended to enable Mr. Morgan to introduce the following resolution, which was adopted:

Resolved, That the Governor be requested to communicate to this Convention any information he may have as to the condition of the military operations near Pensacola.

Consideration of Mr. Dowdell’s resolutions being resumed.

Mr. Watts moved to amend as follows:

Resolved, further, That an additional sum of one hundred thousand dollars be appropriated, and placed at the disposal of the Governor of the State, to be used in preparing for the defence of the State.

And, on motion by Mr. Clemens, the resolutions were ordered to be referred to the Committee on Military Affairs, when raised.

Mr. Dargan made a report from the Committee on Rules, as follows:

Your Committee, to whom was referred the duty of reporting rules for the Government of this Convention, on their deliberation and action, Report:

That there should be appointed the following Standing Committees:

1. A Committee on the Constitution.

2. A Committee on Military Affairs.

3. A Committee on Finance and Commerce.

4. A Committee on Imports and Duties.

5. A Committee on Postal Arrangements.

6. A Committee on Foreign Relations, and on our relations with our sister slaveholding States.

These are all the Standing Committees that your Committee now conceive to be necessary for the action of this Convention; and for the Government of the Convention they recommend the adoption of the rules of the House of Representatives of the General Assembly of the State of Alabama, by which they were governed at their last session, so far as the same are applicable.

Mr. Smith, of Tuscaloosa, moved to amend by inserting:

7. A Committee on Public Expenditures. Adopted.

The following dispatch was laid before the Convention by the President:


Received at Montgomery, January 12th, 1861 by telegraph from Charleston, January 12th, To Hon. A. P. Calhoun.

A large steamship is off the bar, steaming up, supposed to be the Brooklyn. Expect a battle.


Mr. Phillips submitted the following resolution, which, on motion by Mr. Bragg, was ordered to be referred to the Committee on Finance and Commerce:

Resolved by the people of the State of Alabama, in Convention assembled, That the Collector at the port of Mobile, and the Receivers of Public Moneys at the several Land Offices in the State of Alabama, be, and they are hereby instructed, and required to hold subject to the order of the authorities of this State all public moneys which they may have on hand when they shall have received notice of the passage of this resolution, and that the President of this Convention communicate copies of this resolution to said officers forthwith.

Mr. Jewett introduced the following resolutions, which, on motion by Mr. Jemison, were referred to the Committee on Military Affairs:

Resolved, That the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars be appropriated out of the Treasury, and the same placed at the disposal of the Governor of the State, for the purpose of enlisting merely for the protection of Forts Morgan and Gaines, in Mobile Bay, and the Arsenal at Mt. Vernon, Ala., and for the employment of artisans, mechanics and laborers, to take care of, and keep in proper condition, the ordnance, arms and such other property of the State as is now in its possession in those places.

Resolved, 2d, That if there be not a sufficient sum of money in the Treasury to meet this appropriation, the Governor be authorized to borrow the same upon the credit of the State.

Mr. Morgan submitted the following Ordinance, which was ordered to be referred to the Committee on the Constitution:

An Ordinance to alter the Constitution of the State of Alabama in respect to the oath of office.

We, the people of the State of Alabama, in Convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and


ordained, That the first section of the sixth article of the Constitution of the State of Alabama be, and the same is stricken out, and in the place thereof the following be inserted:

SECTION I. All persons who shall be, or who have been, elected or appointed to any office of profit or trust, before entering on the execution thereof, shall take (besides special oaths, not repugnant to this Constitution, prescribed by the General Assembly) the following oath: I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will be faithful, and true allegiance bear to the State of Alabama so long as I may continue a citizen thereof, and that I will to the best of my ability discharge the duties of this office, and preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of this State. So help me God.

On motion by Mr. Yancey, the communications on the table from the Commissioner from South Carolina were taken up, and referred to the Committee of Thirteen.

On motion by Mr. Jemison, the Convention adjourned until 4 o’clock this evening.


January 12th, 1861.

The President called the Convention to order at 4 o'clock, p. m.

Mr. Cochran from the committee to wait on the Commissioners from Georgia and Mississippi, reported that Gen. Sanford would address the Convention now, but that Gov. Matthews, owing to indisposition, would be unable to address the Convention until Monday, at 12 o'clock.

On motion by Mr. Yancey, the doors were thrown open, and the Convention went into open session.


January 12th, 1861.

Mr. Cochran from the committee to wait on the Commissioners from Georgia and Mississippi to this State, introduced to the Convention Gen. J. W. A. Sanford, Commissioner from the State of Georgia, who addressed the Convention upon the subject of his mission.


The President announced the following Standing Committees, in accordance with resolutions of the Convention,


Messrs. Cochran, Jones, of Lauderdale, Webb, Beck, Whatley, Barnes, Davis, of Madison, Curtis and Crawford.


Messrs. Clemens, Baily, Baker, of Barbour, Humphries, Potter, Coffey and Bulger.


Messrs. Morgan, Stone, Crook, Beard, Inzer, Lewis, Love and Johnson.


Messrs. Dargan, Coleman, Gilchrist, Shortridge, Edwards, Leonard and Wilson.


Messrs. Jemison, Phillips, Winston, Rives, Silver, Herndon and Ketchum.


Messrs. Bragg, Clarke, of Marengo, Blue, Coman, Watkins, Ralls and Green.


Messrs. Dowdell, Smith, of Tuscaloosa, Clarke, of Lawrence, Henderson, of Macon, Gay, Howard, Bolling, Jones, of Fayette, Timberlake, Posey, Taylor, Williamson and Sheffield.


Messrs. Smith, of Tuscaloosa, Whatley, Ketchum., Steele, and Daniel.


Messrs. Earnest, Jewett, Inzer, Beard and Clarke, of Lawrence.


Messrs. Jemison, Dargan, Stone, Starke and Timberlake.


Messrs. Jewett, Shortridge, Yelverton, Bolling, Lewis, Winston, Coleman and Rives.


Messrs. Shortridge, Watts, Crook, Jones, of Lauderdale, Earnest, Baily, Davis, of Madison, Bragg and Owens.


On motion by Mr. Earnest, a Committee on the Judiciary and Internal Relations was appointed, as follows:

Messrs. Watts, Baker, of Russell Gibbons, Herndon, Morgan, Clarke, of Marengo, and Coleman.

Mr. Dargan presented an ordinance respecting the issuance of Bonds of the State of Alabama, to the amount of one million dollars, and asked its reference to the Committee on Finance and Commerce, which was done.

On motion by Mr. Bragg, 200 copies of the rules of the House of Representatives were ordered to be printed, and,

On motion by Mr. Watkins, one thousand copies of the Ordinance of Secession were ordered to be printed, together with the reports of the majority and minority of the Committee of Thirteen. And the Convention went into secret session.


After some time spent in open session, the doors were closed for secret session.

Mr. Watts placed before the Convention the following despatches:

Received at Montgomery, January 12th, 1861, by telegraph from Huntsville, January 12th, To Gov. A. B. Moore.

Leave for Montgomery to-day. It is absolutely certain that Tennessee will go with the South.


By telegraph from Mobile, January 12th, to Gov. A. B. Moore.

We have received, by special messenger, the following communication from the proper authorities of New Orleans, and submit it at once to you.



To Gen. T. J. Butler:

It is desirable that, if practicable, an understanding may be arrived at, which the flag officers and the other commanders of the home squadron, now for the most part concentrated at Vera Cruz, (the flag officer, and it is believed a majority of the officers of the fleet, are Southerners.) A distinguished gentleman, well and favorably known to these officers, will leave here for Vera Cruz on the 15th inst, and it is thought that should he be able to bear with him satisfactory assurances of support and protection to them by the seceding States, in the event of bringing their squad-


ron into Southern ports and pronouncing for us, there is a probability that when they have to make the choice of their allegiance, they will stand by us. A communication on the subject will be sent to-night to the Governor of Mississippi, asking a conference in this city for say Thursday next, and we should very much like to have Alabama present also, to take part in its deliberations and resolves.

A communication from his Excellency the Governor in answer to resolutions of enquiry from the Convention, was received and read as follows, and ordered to lie on the table;


MONTGOMERY ALA., Jan. 10th. 1861.

Hon. Wm. T. Brooks, President State Convention.

Resolutions adopted by the Convention, requesting me to furnish that body with information in regard to the arms, &c., purchased for the State, by virtue of an Act of the Legislature, appropriating two hundred thousand dollars for that purpose, &c., were handed me this day by the Secretary of the Convention.

I submit the following statement in answer to the first resolution.

I have purchased under said Act, nine thousand three hundred and twenty-two arms of the following character and description, and at the prices stated.

300 Adams Revolvers at $16.                                                                        $4,800,00

1400 Colt’s Revolvers at $18.                                                                        20,520,00

400 Colt’s Cavalry Carbines, at $30.                                                             12,000,00

150 Smith’s Cavalry Carbines, at $20.                                                             3,750,00

3500 United States Muskets, at $2.50.                                                             8,750,00

Minnie Muskets, balls and moulds.                                                                19,275,85

840 Mississippi Rifles, at $9.                                                                           7,560,00

80 Mississippi Rifles with Sword Bayonets

and accoutrements.                                                                                            2,024,00

1400 Sabres and belts at $8.50.                                                                       11,900,00

10 Six pounder Rifled brass Cannon.

2 Long Columbiad guns.

(Quarter Master Genl. R. T. Thom has the contracts with him at. the North.) Cannot therefore state the prices of Cannon and Columbiad guns.

I have also purchased out of said funds:


1,500,000 Caps, at 95c. per thousand.                                                             $1,425,00

1900 Powder Flasks, at $1.                                                                                1,900,00

200 Kegs Powder, 100,000 lbs. lead.                                                                 2,082,00

500 Kegs Powder, 10,000                                                                                  3,952,00

Arms and accoutrements for Military Institutes.                                               1,899,13

Items of Expenses in purchasing Arms.                                                            1,500,50

CCCC $103,277,98

The above statement may not be strictly accurate, resulting from the absence of the Quarter Master General, but may vary a little in regard to some of the items.

In answer to the second Resolution, I state that in the purchase of the above described arms, ammunition, &c., there has been paid out $91,470,98. Some of the items purchased have not arrived, and have not therefore been paid for. My estimate is, that $30,000 will cover the cost of the cannon, carriages, and other arms contracted for and not arrived, most of which are daily expected.

In answer to the third Resolution, I state that there are about seventy-five companies furnished with arms. Exact number cannot be ascertained, as the Quarter Master General is absent at this time. Some of his papers, necessary to show this fact, are locked up, and his assistant has no access to them. I cannot state the exact number of arms, but about five thousand are still on hand, of the purchases made by me.

In answer to the fourth resolution, I state (supposing it to refer to the arms under the control of the State, in the United States Arsenal at Mount Vernon) that there are twenty thousand muskets, two thousand rifles and one hundred and fifty thousand pounds of powder, as I am informed by Col. Ledbetter, the officer in command when the Arsenal was taken.

In answer to the fifth resolution, I state that there are one hundred organized Volunteer Companies, under the provisions of the act of the last General Assembly. The number of Volunteer Companies outside of this organization is not certainly known to me, but suppose there are about twenty. All of these are armed and equipped as I am informed-either by themselves, or by arms distributed from those received from the Federal Government. I cannot state the exact number of companies in the actual service of the State. Five hundred men have


been ordered to Pensacola, under a resolution of the Convention, but the number of companies into which they have been divided, has not yet been reported to me. Eight companies of the first Volunteer Regiment, were ordered into service on the____day of January 1861.Two were ordered to Fort Morgan, two to Fort Gaines, and four to Mount Vernon, and all remained in service two days, when four of them were discharged. Afterwards, on the____day of January 1861, two companies more were ordered to Fort Morgan, and are still in service. On the 8th inst, in view of the threatening aspect of affairs as to said Forts, one company from Montgomery, two from Selma, one from Greensboro and one from Tuscaloosa, were ordered forthwith to report themselves to Col. Todd at Mobile, for service in the forts. The number of men in each company cannot be stated, until they report themselves to Col. Todd for service. They will probably average about fifty men each.

In answer to the sixth resolution, I state that there are about twenty pieces of ordnance owned by the State. Six or eight of these are twelve pounders, the balance are six pounders. These do not include the ten rifled cannon and two columbiad guns recently purchased.

To the Seventh resolution, I state that I am informed by Col. Ledbetter, that there are one hundred pieces of ordnance at Fort Morgan, consisting of thirty-two and twenty-four pounders. There is also in this Fort a supply of balls and powder. No arms or ordnance of any description at Fort Gaines, unless placed there by our troops, since the Fort was taken. I have already answered as to Mount Vernon. I have no information as to other public property in Forts or Arsenal.

Deducting, the $91,470,98, already taken from the $2,000,000, appropriation, and the further sum of $30,000, for the payment of arms purchased and not received, would leave the sum of $78,529,02 to the credit of the Military fund. From this sum is to be deducted the sum of $10,000, which the Convention appropriated by resolution, and the sum of $2,500 drawn for the support of troops at the Forts and Arsenal, previous to the meeting of the Convention.

After deducting all these amounts, there remains to the


credit of the military fund, unexpended, the sum, of 66,029,02.

Very Respectfully,


Mr. Shortridge introduced a resolution of inquiry of the Governor, which by leave he withdrew for modification.

On motion by Mr. Morgan the following resolution was adopted:

Resolved, that the Committee on Postal Affairs be authorized to require reports from Post Masters and Mail Contractors, for the information of the Committee as to the Mail arrangements, and revenue in this State, and that the Committee be authorized to print circular letters for this purpose.

Mr. Yancey introduced “an ordinance to make Provisional Postal Arrangements in Alabama,” which was read and referred to the Committee on Postal affairs.

Mr. Bragg offered a resolution, which, on motion by Messrs. Watts and Jemison, was amended and passed as follows:

Resolved, that in response to the message from the proper authorities at New Orleans just communicated to the Convention, in reference to U. S. Naval Officers at Vera Cruz, the Governor be authorized to take such course as he may deem best calculated to promote the interest of the State, and that the Governor authorize the Commissioner to assure the Commanding Officers of the Fleet, the support and protection of the State of Alabama.

Mr. Henderson of Macon offered the following resolution which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations:

Resolved, That the Committee on Foreign Relations be instructed to enquire into the expediency of sending a special Commissioner or Commissioners, to the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona., for the purpose of securing, if possible, the annexation of those Territories to a Southern Confederacy as new States, at the earliest practical period.

A communication was received and read from David Campbell, Judge of Probate for Montgomery County, tendering the Court House for the use of the Convention.

Mr. Yancey introduced an “Ordinance concerning Citizenship,” which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary and Internal Affairs.


Mr. Humphries introduced “an Ordinance to regulate the status of citizens and residents of the Sovereign State of Alabama.” Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary and Internal affairs.

A communication from the Governor was received and read, with reference to affairs at Pensacola, as follows:


12th Jan. 1861.

Hon. Wm. M. Brooks, President State Convention.


The following resolution passed by the Convention, has just been handed me by the Secretary of that body.

“Resolved, that the Governor be requested to communicate to the Convention any information he may have as to the condition of Military operations near Pensacola.”

I regret that it becomes my duty to inform the Convention, that the Federal Troops have deserted the Navy Yard and Fort Barancas, and now occupy Fort Pickens, with about eighty men. The guns were spiked at Barancas and the Navy Yard, and Public Stores removed to Fort Pickens. This Fort commands the bay, Fort Barancas and the Navy Yard, and can only be taken by an effective force, and by bold and skilful movements.

Fort Pickens was garrisoned on Wednesday night. Col. Lomax left Montgomery on Wednesday evening at 7 o’clock, with two hundred and seventy-five men, and arrived at Pensacola last night at 10 o’clock. The three hundred troops ordered from Mobile to the same point under the resolution of the Convention, were telegraphed when about to sail for Pensacola, by Major Chase in command at Pensacola, to remain in Mobile, until the receipt of further orders.

The Gov. of Mississippi has ordered troops at my suggestion, to Pensacola. They will halt at Mobile I presume, until ordered to sail for Pensacola.

This is all the information I can give at this time. I expect a messenger to-night with full information.

Very Respectfully,


Mr. Coleman offered the following:

Resolved, That the Committee of Military Affairs be instructed to enquire into the expediency of establishing


manufactories of munitions of war, of every description, and, if found expedient, to report ordinances for the establishment thereof.

Mr. Shortridge moved to amend, by adding as follows:

Resolved, That the Military Committee inquire into the expediency of establishing at some central and convenient point, an Armory, for the use of the State, with instructions to report by ordinances or otherwise.

The amendment was adopted, and the resolution referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.

On motion of Mr. Watts, the Convention adjourned until to-morrow morning at 10 o’clock.