Section 1. The boundaries of this State are established and declared
to be as follows--that is to say: Beginning at the point where the thirty-first
degree of north latitude crosses the Perdido river; thence east to the western
boundary line of the State of Georgia; thence along said line to the southern
boundary line of the State of Tennessee; thence west along the southern
boundary line of the State of Tennessee, crossing the Tennessee river, and
on to the second intersection of said river, by said line; thence up said
river to the mouth of Big Bear creek; thence by a direct line to the northwest
corner of Washington county, in this state, as originally formed; thence
southerly, along the line of the State of Mississippi, to the Gulf of Mexico;
thence eastwardly, including all islands within six leagues of the shore,
to the Perdido river, and thence up the said river to the beginning.
Section 2. The General Assembly may, by a two-thirds vote of both houses thereof, arrange and designate boundaries for the several counties of this State, which boundaries shall not be altered, except by a like vote. But no new counties shall be hereafter formed of less extent than six hundred square miles; and no existing county shall be reduced to less extent than six hundred square miles; and no new county shall be formed which does not contain a sufficient number of inhabitants to entitle it to one representative under the ratio of representation existing at the time of its formation, or, unless the county or counties from which it is taken shall be left with the required number of inhabitants entitling such county or counties to separate representation.
Section 1. The powers of the government of the State of Alabama
shall be divided into three distinct departments, each of which shall be
confided to a separate body of magistracy, to-wit: Those which are legislative,
to one; those which are executive, to another; and those which are judicial,
Section 2. No person, or collection of persons, being of one of those departments, shall exercise any power properly belonging to either of the others, except in the instances hereinafter expressly directed permitted.